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Tuesday, July 01, 2008
อะไรๆก็ให้น้ำเกลือ
By Joeadmin @ 9:53 AM :: 5947 Views :: Article Rating :: วิทยาศาสตร์รอบตัว(จาก สสวท.)
 

   หลายคนเข้าใจผิดเอาจริงๆ จังๆ  ในเรื่องน้ำเกลือ คือไปนึกทึกทักว่าน้ำเกลือเป็นยาวิเศษ ถ้าต้องเข้าโรงพยาบาล หรือ แม้แต่ไปพบหมอ ต้องขอร้องให้ ให้น้ำเกลือ โดยให้เหตุผลร้อยแปดพันเก้า เช่น จะได้อ้วนท้วนแข็งแรงสุขภาพดี กินได้ นอนหลับ เป็นต้น ส่วนบางคนเข้าใจผิดไปอีกด้านหนึ่งเลย คือเชื่อว่าการให้น้ำเกลือเป็นสัญญาณว่าคนไข้อาการหนักแล้ว อย่างนี้ต้องอธิบายให้ฟังทั้งคู่เสียแล้วละ

   เรื่องเป็นอย่างนี้ครับ
   ตามปกติแล้วร่างกายของคนเราจะเสียน้ำออกไปจากร่างกาย โดยการขับถ่ายเป็นน้ำปัสสาวะ หรือเป็นเหงื่อ หรือเป็นไอน้ำออกมาทางลมหายใจ รวมแล้วจะมีน้ำที่ขับออกมาจากร่างกายวันหนึ่งราว ๒ ลิตรครึ่ง เราจึงต้องการน้ำเข้าไปแทนที่โดยการดื่มน้ำ หรือรับประทานอาหารที่มีน้ำเป็นส่วนประกอบ

   แต่เมื่อผู้ป่วยเสียน้ำมากกว่าปกติ เช่น ท้องเดิน อาเจียน เหงื่อออกมาก ไข้สูง เสียเลือดจากอุบัติเหตุ เป็นต้น แพยท์จึงต้องให้น้ำเข้าไปทดแทน โดยให้น้ำเข้าสู่กระแสเลือดโดยตรง แต่เนื่องจากน้ำกับเลือดมีความเข้มข้นต่างกัน  จึงเติมเกลือลงไปในน้ำ เพื่อให้มีความเข้มข้นเท่ากับเลือด  นอกจากนั้นน้ำเกลือยังช่วยเปิดเส้นเลือดไว้ เพื่อให้เลือดหมุนเวียน จนยาที่ผสมอยู่สามารถไหลเข้าไปหล่อเลี้ยงเส้นเลือดดำได้อย่างราบรื่น

   น้ำเกลือจึงไม่ใช่ทั้งยาวิเศษ และสัญญาณอันตรายอะไรเลย เป็นขั้นตอนที่มีเหตุผลของการฟื้นฟูร่างกายของเราเท่านั้นเองครับ

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